Despite its striking appearance with exotic yellow, the supercharged XC90 V8 was displayed at the 2005 Los Angeles auto show. The XC90 has become Volvo Cars of North America with the best-selling seller LLC since it was first introduced in 2003. With the introduction of the new 318 V8 horsepower engine, sales tends to increase.
Volvo’s commitment to active and passive safety systems persists. Some of the safety features of the XC90 include: Stability Roller Control, IC (Inflatable Curtain) – for all three seat rows, and low cross members to improve car-to-car compatibility.
Customers expect Volvo to maintain its leadership in the field of safety – regardless of the type of vehicle. With the launch of its first SUV, Volvo Cars entered a completely new segment, and the goal was very clear: to lead in terms of safety.
As with all other Volvo models. Safety has never been achieved by simply integrating a number of individual stand-alone features into the car: what is important is the interaction between them – this is the interaction that shapes the results.
With the entry of Volvo Cars into the SUV market, there is an increasing focus on several new areas. One of them is a roll-over accident, where the vehicle rolled onto the roof once or more.
The Volvo Roll-over Protection System, ROPS, handles problems from two directions: a system of improved stability, RSC, which minimizes the risk of rolling in the first place, and increased protection for motorists if the vehicle is overturned.
Because of the higher center of gravity, an SUV may have a higher risk of rolling in certain critical situations compared to conventional passenger cars. That is why the center of gravity on the Volvo XC90 is kept as low as possible compared to most SUVs. In fact, only 89 mm (3.5 “) is higher than the Volvo XC70.
However, this does not mean that Volvo has compromised on one of the features that are highly valued SUV buyers: the governing sitting position. The front seats are not less than 6.5 “taller than on the Volvo XC70.
To help reduce the risk of roll-over situations, the Volvo XC90 is equipped with an active stability enhancement system known as the Roll Stability Control or RSC. This system uses a gyro sensor to register the roll speed and roll angle of the car. Using this information, the terminal angle is directly calculated and thus the risk of roll-over.
If the calculation angle is so large that there is a clearly overturned risk, the DSTC anti-skid system (Dynamic Stability and Traction Control) is activated. The DSTC responds by reducing engine power and also by braking one or more wheels as needed until the car is under steering and stability returns.
This helps reduce the roll-over accident risk initiated by extreme maneuvers. RSC is the only active system to increase stability in the market to measure the angle of roll of a car. This was developed jointly by Volvo and Ford Motor Company.
All seats are equipped with a “pre-tensioner” seat belt to help hold the occupants in place. In an accident, the pretensioner pulls the seat belt firmly across the passenger body to help provide maximum protection.
To help prevent the head from bumping into the side of the car, the Volvo XC90 is equipped with a Volvo IC or Inflatable Curtain. The IC also helps prevent passengers from being accidentally removed.
The Volvo XC90 has an IC version that is specifically adapted to handle roll-over accidents. This means that it remains fully increased longer to offer maximum protection in a roll-over scenario. What’s more, the curtain is folded in the tape in such a way that it follows the contours of the window glass when it expands. If the occupant’s head rests on the window at the time of inflation, the curtain will slip between the glass and the occupant’s head to provide enhanced protection. On the Volvo XC90, the third row of seats in the 7-seat version is protected by IC.
Compatibility issues – when an SUV collides with a car that is closer to the road surface – it is in a strong focus throughout the development of the new Volvo XC90. Typical SUVs have high ground clearance and thus often come with a high position bumper. This can create a greater risk of damage to future passenger cars and more serious injuries to passengers, because the protective beam and lower crumple zone of the car just slip under the front of the SUV without being activated.
To reduce the risk of this type of injury, the front suspension sub-frame on the Volvo XC90 is equipped with a lower cross-member, which is positioned at the height of the beam in a conventional car. This lower beam is integrated into the XC90 structure and is hidden neatly behind the spoiler.
This construction reduces the risk of injury in frontal collisions as well as in rear end impacts and side effects. Lower cross members hit the approaching protective structure of the car, activating the crumple zone as intended so that residents can be given the maximum level of protection.
During the development of the Volvo XC90, great attention was also given to the safety of pedestrians, cyclists and other road users who were relatively unprotected. The entire front of the car has clean, soft and smooth lines, and no protruding parts can cause more severe injuries.
The engine on the Volvo XC90 is mounted low in the vehicle. As a result, the bonnet has no less than 3.1 “deformation space before contact with the engine underneath. As such it serves as a soft bump absorbent” bumper “, helping to reduce the risk of serious injury to pedestrians that might be thrown onto the hood of the vehicle.
The Volvo XC90’s third row seat provides a high level of passenger safety. There is a large space behind it, so that the collision force at the rear end collision can be effectively absorbed and removed.
The rear seat occupants sit just above the rear axle, which is the optimal position in terms of side impact safety. These chairs also have a belt tension, head restraints, and, as mentioned, Inflatable Curtain or IC.
The front airbag is a dual-stage type, with sensors that monitor the force of the incoming collision and adjust airbag inflation.
Safety for the youngest occupants of the car has always been a high priority at Volvo. That is why the Volvo XC90 can be determined with a standard attachment system for child seats, ISOFIX, in the first and second row seats.
WHIPS, the award-winning Volvo Whiplash Protection System, is installed on two Volvo XC90 front seats. WHIPS is activated if rear-end collisions occur from speeds as low as 8 mph, helping to reduce trauma to the spine and neck thereby reducing the risk of injury.
Gallery of 2005 Volvo XC90 Supercharged V8 Specs and Review
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